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定语从句 (限定范围) who-人/which-物

who-人 :定语从句形成过程

我认识那个在车里哭的人 (man作为主语,用who)

  • 主: 我认识那个人
  • 从: 那个人在车里哭
  • 合: 我认识那个人 那个人在车里哭
  • I know the man the man is crying in the car. (the man is crying in the car, man是主语, who不可以省略)
  • I know the man who is crying in the car.

我认识那个你喜欢的男孩 (主语用who 宾语用whom, 不过现在 主格和宾格 没严格了)

  • 主: 我认识那个男孩
  • 从: 你喜欢的男孩
  • 合: 我认识那个男孩 你喜欢的男孩
  • I know the boy you like the boy. (you like the boy, boy不是主语,who/whom可以省略)
  • I know the boy who/whom you like.
  • I know the boy you like.

我认识那个喜欢你的男孩

  • 主: 我认识那个男孩
  • 从: 喜欢你的男孩
  • 合: 我认识那个男孩 喜欢你的男孩
  • I know the boy the boy like you. (the boy like you, boy不是主语,who/whom可以省略)
  • I know the boy who like you.

which-物 :定语从句形成过程

which

我不喜欢没有图片的书

  • 主: 我不喜欢书
  • 从: 书没有图片
  • 合: 我不喜欢书 书没有图片
  • I don't like books books don't have pictures.
  • I don't books which don't have pictures.

in which = where

我特别讨厌我遇见他的那个城市 (in 是本来就有,所以才有 in which=where, where 是一个偷懒的行为)

  • 主: 我特别讨厌这个城市
  • 从: 我遇见他的那个城市
  • 合: 我特别讨厌这个城市 我遇见他的那个城市
  • I really hate the city In the city I met him.
  • I really hate the city in which (in which=where) I met him.
  • I really hate the city where I met him.

on which = where

我还记得你喜欢的那个城市

  • 主: 我还记得那个城市
  • 从: 你喜欢的那个城市
  • 合: 我还记得那个城市 你喜欢的那个城市
  • I still remember the city you like the city.
  • I still remeber the city which you like.

我特别讨厌我遇见他的那张床 (on 是本来就有,所以才有 on which=where, where 是一个偷懒的行为)

  • 主: 我特别讨厌这那张床
  • 从: 我遇见他的那张床
  • 合: 我特别讨厌那张床 我遇见他的那张床
  • I really hate the bed On the bed I met him.
  • I really hate the bed on which (on which=where) I met him.
  • I really hate the bed where I met him.

on which = when

我都忘记了你在那个日子来的 (on 是本来就有,所以才有 on which=when, when 是一个偷懒的行为)

  • 主: 我都忘记了日子
  • 从: 你在那个日子来的
  • 合: 我都忘记了日子 你在那个日子来的
  • I have forgeten the day you came on the day.
  • I have forgeten the day on which (on which=when) you came.
  • I have forgeted the day when you came.

which

这是一本我正在找的书 (介词不提前,主要是 for和looking关系更紧密一点,are looking for 作为谓语)

  • 主: 这是一本书
  • 从: 我正在找的书
  • 合: 这是一本书 我正在找的书
  • This is the book I am looking for the book.
  • This is the book which I am looking for.

which's = whose, who's = whose

我有一条蓝色眼睛的小狗 (which's = whose, who's = whose)

  • 主: 我有一条小狗
  • 从: 小狗的颜色是蓝色的
  • 合: 我有一条小狗 小狗的颜色是蓝色的
  • I have a dog a dog`s eyes are blue.
  • I hava a dog which's eyes are blue. (当然没有 which's 这种写法)
  • I hava a dog whose eyes are blue.

as 像

for which = because of which = why

我不理解他离开我的原因 (for which = because of which = why)

  • 主: 我不理解这个原因
  • 从: 他离开我的原因
  • 合: 我不理解这个原因 他离开我的原因
  • I don't understand the reason he left me for/because of the reason.
  • I don't understand the reason for which/because of which he left me.
  • I don't understand the reason why he left me.

非限定 定语从句(补充说明) - 插入语

  • I like my father, who is good to me.
  • He left without bye bye, which made me sad.
  • I'm from China, which is my home.

That 偷懒行为 (which/who = that)

  • which = that
  • where = (in/on) + which
  • 所以: where != that (而 in that 因为; 原因是;)

  • I'm from China, which is my home.

  • => I'm from China, and that is my home. (两个句子连接,需要连接词,不然就变成2个句子了)

必须用 that 有强调作用

all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much, any, each, no, some, few, the only, the very, the ---est, the ---th.

  • You are the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

--> 特例(严谨性)

You are not the only one who understands contract.(用who主要是想说这是人,而that(不合适)因为它还可以表示物)


I know the man (who is) smiling in the car = I know the man smiling in the car.


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【布客】中文翻译组


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