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虚拟句

(虚-假的,拟-假设;不可能发生的事情 or 和假设相反的;用来加强语气,表达强烈的情绪)

  • 主将从现:(本来应该都是will,但是为了让句子逻辑的先后关系更加通畅,所以 rains 现在时更符合!)
  • if it rains tomorrow, I will pick you up.(不是虚拟,因为有可能成立!)

-- 对现在的虚拟

  • 本应该是现在 I am you, were比was显得更离谱,但是为了突显假设,用错误的方式来表达一种更强烈的语气-强化语气-夸张手法
  • 如果我是你,我就弄死他!
  • If I were you, I would kill him.

  • 如果我是个女的,我就嫁给他。

  • If I were a girl, I would marry him.(虚拟写错的话,就更好理解:我不是要去做手术,而是一种仰慕之情。)
  • If I am a girl, I would marry him.(所以一切可能发生的事情,必然发生or已经发生)

-- 对过去的虚拟

  • 如果你昨天(就已经)告诉我,我昨天就(已经会)来了。
  • If you told me yesterday, I would came.(看单词yesterday是个时间点)
  • If you had told me yesterday, I would have come.(和中文逻辑一样,相对于今天而来,是一个时间段,从昨天到今天,已经假设完成的状态)

-- 对将来的虚拟

  • 如果明天地球炸了,我也要和你在一起。(be to do 将会怎么做)
  • If the earth were to explode tomorrow, I would be with you.

-- 杂交, 混和 mix up

  • 如果你当时说爱我,那现在我就是你的人了。
    • 前面对过去的虚拟,表示已经完成
    • 后面是将来的虚拟
    • If you had said it, I would be yours now.

-- 简化语句 (倒装句--用于强调句子)

  • If you had told me.
    • 简化语句,把重要的内容提前
    • Had you told me.
  • If I were you
  • Were I you.

-- 心愿

  • It is time that we made greater efforts at work.
  • It is high time ---
  • It is about time ---

-- 建议

  • I suggest that you go home now.(平等的建议, should 是一般都省略)
  • I order that you should go home now.(命令是的建议, should 在语气上加强来语气)

-- 天然虚拟

  • If only 如果。。。就好了
    • If only I were you.
  • Would rather 宁愿
    • I would rather I hadn`t made Alibaba.
  • As if 貌似(看起来好像是,但其实不是的)
    • He talks as if he knew everything.
  • Lest 以免
    • Take the umbrella, lest you would get wet.(记得拿伞,以免打湿;已经带伞了,还担心打湿吗?)
  • But for 若非, 若不是
    • But for you money, we would have lost.
  • It is time that 是时候该干嘛了
    • It is time that we went to bed. (是时候该去睡觉了,但是我没去)
  • Wish 祝福(超越现实: 例如,祝你长命百岁)
    • I wish I could fly.
    • I wish someone had told me all this when I was 13.(真希望我在13岁就有人告诉我这一切)

名言名句

  • Don`t lecture me!
  • Don`t judge me!

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【布客】中文翻译组


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